Sunday, August 5, 2012

EDUC 8848 Module Five Assignment Two

Red Queens and Increasing Returns
Arthur (1996) explains the survival driven and technologically influenced business world of the 21st century as based on the economy of increasing returns. Technologies increase their chances of dominating the market through strategic alliances and continued improvements in compliance with Moore’s Law (Arthur, 1996; Thornburg, 2008b).  In conjunction with Red Queens where two predominate technologies emerge, gain popularity, and struggle to grab the market share of a technology market this battle for dominance continues until either a wild card emerges to change the whole game or one technology eventually wins out and takes control of the market due to capabilities or marketing strategies, as sometimes its virtues are smaller, and its popularity wins out and users become “trapped” in its vortex (Thornburg, 2008b).  Increasing returns continue and Red Queens sometimes eventually grab the market due to alliances with other technologies that provide an advantage or due to marketing and popularity as perceived by the consumer as a better product (Thornburg, 2008b).
In a previous assignment for our Emerging Technologies class we were assigned the task of choosing a movie based on a Philip K Dick novel, obtain the movie, and complete our assignment. There are several ways to view a movie utilizing technologies available today. For this discussion, we are examining two means to watch the movie, purchasing or renting a DVD and the use of video-on-demand (VOD) to view the movie. We now examine how and why we chose our methods of viewing and how these technologies fit into the categories of increasing returns and Red Queens. While engaged in the assignment I explored the options of renting through VOD or purchasing a DVD.
From my own personal experience, I would say that these two technologies are situated in the economics of increasing returns due to popularity and filling the needs of people in two different genres of movie watchers. Yes, you could argue that they both provide a technology that allows people to engage in entertainment which makes this battle appear like the struggle of the Red Queens but I believe they are two similar but different technologies (Thornburg, 2008b). VOD companies such as Netflix, Hulu, and now Amazon and others as well as cable and satellite on-demand (for current features) provide a service that allows people to add to their movie and entertainment collections utilizing computer networking technologies of purchasing entertainment through downloads, usually at a much lower cost, without the delay of waiting for a DVD to arrive (if ordered online) or having to go to a store to purchase the DVD. In fact, because of the convenience and cost of VOD, this technology may replace DVD technology in the entertainment industry over time. In McLuhan’s tetrad, VOD may obsolete the DVD (Thornburg 2008a). I believe the Red Queens in this scenario are yet to emerge as more companies throw their proverbial “hats in the ring” of the VOD arena. The Red Queens are emerging in the area of VOD separate from the DVD/Blu-ray market. VOD is a “wild card” in the entertainment viewing industry and the competition in the VOD market will produce the Red Queens (Thornburg, 2008b).
At this time, however, DVD’s continue to be popular with the general public and many people continue to hoard them and create huge collections filling shelves and DVD books. I am one of those people and since I had the time to wait for the video to arrive by carrier after I ordered it online at Amazon I continued with my DVD purchasing habit. Right now, there is a market and increasing demand for DVD and Blu-ray, and the makers of those products are now offering digital copies when purchasing a DVD or Blu-ray (sometimes you can even get all three). I sometimes wonder when I will be replacing my DVD collection with a home entertainment system with storage capacity to contain all my movies and music just as I replaced my records with 8-tracks, my 8-tracks with cassettes, cassettes with cd’s, cd’s with mp3’s and 4’s on my IPod and my VHS cassettes with DVD’s. The technology is available and the “bandwagon” is rolling the question is “which Queen with reign” in the future of VOD?

Arthur, W. B. (1996). Increasing returns and the new world of business. Harvard Business Review, 74(4), 100−109. Retrieved from the Business Source Complete database.
Thornburg, D. D. (2008a). Emerging technologies and McLuhan's Laws of Media. Lake Barrington, IL: Thornburg Center for Space Exploration.
Thornburg, D. (2008b). Red Queens, butterflies, and strange attractors: Imperfect lenses into emergent technologies. Lake Barrington, IL: Thornburg Center for Space Exploration.

Tuesday, July 24, 2012

EDUC 8848 Module Four Assignment Two

The Disruptive Power of Second Life
Discovery drives the force of emerging technology described as disruptive technology (Laureate Education Inc., 2009). Disruptive technologies are technologies that allow us to perform some task in a completely new way and obsolete a previous technology completely (Laureate Education Inc., 2009). Philip Rosedale (2008) creator of Second Life predicted that this disruptive technology has the potential to change the way humans and businesses interact. Rosedale (2008) continues his prediction stating that Second Life has the potential to become interwoven with the “First Life” or “real life” of participants around the world. Second Life has continued to grow and expand exponentially, and has been compared to the growth of the World Wide Web (Rosedale, 2008).
Second Life is a disruptive technology because it revolutionizes social interaction on the Internet and allows users to live in a virtual reality. In Second Life people can be anything they want, they are free to express themselves. Second Life technology displaces social interactions such as chat rooms and social media but the real disruption involved is that it is like nothing else used before to connect and interact with people including people in other countries in worlds created for and by users (Rosedale, 2008). It is hard to say how long this technology will last, as I believe it is just getting started and we have not experienced the full extent of the technology. I can see an evolution that may include holographic avatars, possibly.
The social benefits of Second Life include connections with individuals from other counties and cultures, a world where people can express creativity and possible social change may occur, and a new dimension of human interaction links the virtual reality to real world reality. The social implication for my industry, education, is that Second Life provides a world where students can learn to interact in the real world, socially and through business transactions, and build bridges to other cultures while they explore their inner creativity and find their place in society.

Laureate Education, Inc. (2009). Disruptive technologies. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Rosedale, P. (2008). Philip Rosedale on Second Life [Video]. Retrieved from

Thursday, July 12, 2012

EDUC 8848 Module Three Assignment Two

Emerging Technologies and Rhymes of History
The human need to expand our territory and explore our surroundings is the force behind consumer space travel. Humans have sought to explore and discovery throughout history. The new technologies developing at Virgin Galactic (2012) rhyme with history found in the European expansion to the west, the western expansion in the United States, the expansion of empires in Rome, Egypt, and China, early space and ocean exploration, and explorers seeking to  discover knowledge about nature and societies (Laureate Education Inc., 2009). Many times exploration is driven by consumerism or the need to know more about our world and its wonders. Technologies developing today geared toward space travel for anyone (at least those who can fund it at this time) bring to mind human expansion history (Laureate Education Inc., 2009).
Virgin Galactic (2012) has planned to take passengers into space as well as payload such a satellites using air launch technology. See the video link for a simulation of the technology. Another planned enterprise of Virgin Galactic (2012) is to provide a research facility in space that will carry researchers into space rhyming with the exploration of early space transport and explorers such as Darwin (Laureate Education Inc., 2012).   

Also, check out the Virgin Galactic Website for the latest information on space exploration.

Laureate Education, Inc. (2009). Rhymes of history. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Virgin Galactic. (2012). Research. Retrieved July 12, 2012, from

Sunday, June 24, 2012

EDUC 8848 Module Two Assignment Two

Collaborative Group Tetrad
Emerging Technologies Tetrad
 Hands Free Faucet

The tetrad for the hands free faucet examines the questions concerning what the technology enhances, obsoletes, retrieves, and reverses. It enhances cleanliness by allowing users to wash their hands (or other items) without spreading bacteria, viruses, or debris through touching the faucet to turn it on. The hands free faucet obsoletes traditional faucets that require turning of handles to generate water flow. Even though this is a new technology, it retrieves technology of the original hand pump. The user pumped a handle to generate water flow from a well but was then able to enjoy continuous water flow for a few moments before another pump was necessary. It is possible that the hands free faucet, which requires a battery pack, will reverse to a hands free faucet that can be wired to the home or utilizes laser in place of LED’s to activate the circuit (Delta Faucet Company, 2012). 

The progression of the faucet would include a chain from hand ladle and bucket from rivers and streams, hand ladle and bucket from wells, indoor faucet two handle (hot/cold), indoor faucet one handle (mix hot/cold), touch technology, finally hands free faucet, progression continues.

Delta Faucet Company. (2012). Frequently asked questions. Touch20 technology. Retrieved June 23, 2012, from

Monday, June 11, 2012

EDUC 8848 Module One Assignment Two

Identify an Emerged Technology

A technology that my school system adopted a few years ago is the online gradebook. This technology has changed the way teachers, students, administrators, counselors, and especially parents interact concerning student progress. A benefit to this new technology and its use in the public school systems is that parents and students are provided real time immediate access to the grades of individual students linked directly to the teachers grading system. This technology should provide a glimpse into the classroom for parents and in addition an informative platform for the teacher. The online gradebook provides an easily accessible online platform that allows parents and students to communicate effectively concerning student progress and allows students and parents a means to identify classroom struggles and needs as well as provide a starting point for remediation in a timely manner.
The online gradebook, it seems, should provide parents and students a means to always be aware of progress and attendance however, there are several problems that are experienced utilizing this system. One issue I have experienced is lack of knowledge. Many parents I have encountered either do not know about the system or do not have access. In my investigation of this, I have found that many schools have not developed an aggressive means to remind parents of their ability to utilize the online gradebook program. Many parents do not have access to the Internet and are not able to access the online gradebook. Some parents lack knowledge of how to access the gradebook online and take advantage of its information. And another identified problem is that teachers fail to update the gradebook in a timely manner, especially when makeup work is turned received from the student.
In the future, the school system can take measures to address the concerns of the online gradebook by implementing a better communication method. It would be advantageous to send home a memo, letter, or newsletter explaining online gradebook usage and how to obtain access. In addition to the documentation, our automated phone system could send several messages to the households of attending students introducing the technology to parents, and the online gradebook could be discussed at parent meetings, school board meetings, through local media, and information on the schools web site could be posted. Tutorials could also be developed to help users understand and access the technology as well as providing training with the parent liaisons and technology resource rooms in each school. Parents should also be provided with information regarding access to computers in the community that allow free access to the Internet including the local community college, the public library system, and the parent resource rooms within each school in the district.  Finally, by instituting a required online gradebook update posting weekly for teachers the platform can provide a more timely and accurate picture of student progress in the classroom.
            For security reasons, I am not able to provide a screenshot of my personal gradebook but this is a link to a Web site for Engrade and provides an excellent example of the online gradebook program. Also, the link to the video explains some advantages to using the online gradebook system.

Sunday, June 10, 2012

Welcome Classmates EDUC 8848

Welcome classmates at Walden University - EDUC 8848 Emerging and Future Technologies
I look forward to learning together in the class this summer.

Sunday, February 12, 2012

EDUC 8842 Principles of Distance Education Module 5 Video Presentation

In this video presentation, our class is assigned the task of introducing a keynote speaker at an educational technology conference. My assigned area is critical thinking in distance learning and I am introducing Dr. Terry Anderson at the ISTE Conference scheduled for San Diego CA in June.

I collaborated with three other classmates through Skype, you can view my comments and see their videos at:

Michelle Landley – Motivating Adult Learners

Daniel Oprish – Games for Learning

Olufemi Gordon – Learning Styles in Distance Education

I viewed several classmates videos other than my group members, here are the links to comments:

Lisa Durff  - Virtual gaming

Laura Wojciechowicz – Motivating Students through Use of Game Based Learning

Joshua Sherman

Suzanne Beer

Jerome Chenevert